Command line obfuscation has been proved to be a non-negligible factor in fileless malware or malicious actors that are “living off the land”. To bypass signature-based detection, dedicated obfuscation techniques are shown to be used by red-team penetrations and even APT activities. Meanwhile, numerous obfuscators (namely tools perform syntax transformation) are open sourced, thus making obfuscating given commands increasingly effortless.
However, the number of suitable defenses remains to be few. For Linux command line obfuscation,we can barely find any detection tools. Concerning defenses against Windows command obfuscation, existing schemes turn out to either lack of toolization, or only partially resolve the entire problem, sometimes even inaccurately.
To better facilitate obfuscation detection, we have proposed Flerken, a toolized platform that can be used to detect both Windows (CMD and Powershell) and Linux (Bash) commands. The name of Flerken is inspired by a cat-like yet extremely powerful creature from Marvel world. Flerken is build on the basis of carefully collection of black/white samples, and can be divided into two sub-schemes, namely Kindle (Windows obfuscation detector) and Octopus (Linux obfuscation detector). To help optimize Flerken’s classification performance, we adopt techniques such as machine learning, bi-directional feature filter ring, script sandboxing.
For a detailed description of Flerken, please review our specification document here.
Step 1: Ensure you have installed python 3.x on your server, you can use the following command to check it.
[root@server:~$] python -V
Step 2: Install the required components, all the prerequisite components have been declared in requirement.txt.
[root@server:~$] pip install -r requirement.txt
Step3: Custom your Flerken APP config as you want.
Step4: Now you can run it!
[root@server:~$] python runApp.py
Step 5(Optional): You can build your own whitelists for reducing false positive rate.
- How to use
It’s very easy to use as shown in the following picture, and we will also release API interfaces as soon.
If you have any question or feedbacks on Flerken. Please create an issue and choose a suitable label for it. We will solve it as soon as possible.
Build-in 3rd parties